The Term Domain Means: The term ‘Domain’ means a field of action, thought, influence, etc. The domain of science. It also means the territory governed by a single ruler or government; realm, a realm or range of personal knowledge, responsibility, etc. The are many interpretations of the word ‘Domain’ and described as follows a region characterised by a specific feature, type of growth or wildlife, etc: We entered the domain of the pine trees. In law it interprets as land to which there is superior title and absolute ownership. In Mathematics the set of values assigned to the independent variables of a function. In Computers a group of computers and devices on a network that are administered under the same protocol. This also means the top level in a domain name, indicating the type of organisation, geographical location, or both, and officially designated in the suffix, as edu for institutions of higher education. In Physics, one of many regions of magnetic polarity within a ferromagnetic body, each consisting of a number of atoms having a common polarity, and collectively determining the magnetic properties of the body by their arrangement and finally in Crystallography, a connected region with uniform polarisation in a twinned ferroelectric crystal.

The definition of a registered domain names depends on factors such as Trade Marks, Industrial Property or Copyright in which they are governed by Intellectual Property Law. If a person or company owns a trade mark it is not advisable to buy the domain and its extensions. However if a website designer is asked to host a domain name it will be parked with the hosting company for the lifetime of the website, it does not automatically mean that the domain name if registered by the owner belongs to the web designer. If however a person or company registers a domain name that is not trade marked it will belong to the owner until sold or transferred. If a domain consists of keywords which are not trade marked it is possible to buy and sell these words and their extensions.

Domains names that are trademarked are protected by Intellectual Property Rights.

Intellectual Property refers to creations of the mind: inventions; literary and artistic works; and symbols, names and images used in commerce. Intellectual property is divided into two categories: Industrial Property Industrial Property includes patents for inventions, trademarks, industrial designs and geographical indications. Copyright Copyright covers literary works (such as novels, poems and plays), films, music, artistic works (e.g., drawings, paintings, photographs and sculptures) and architectural design. Rights related to copyright include those of performing artists in their performances, producers of phonograms in their recordings, and broadcasters in their radio and television programs. What are intellectual property rights? Intellectual property rights are like any other property right. They allow creators, or owners, of patents, trademarks or copyrighted works to benefit from their own work or investment in a creation. These rights are outlined in Article 27 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which provides for the right to benefit from the protection of moral and material interests resulting from authorship of scientific, literary or artistic productions.

What is a trademark? A trademark is a distinctive sign that identifies certain goods or services produced or provided by an individual or a company. Its origin dates back to ancient times when craftsmen reproduced their signatures, or “marks”, on their artistic works or products of a functional or practical nature. Over the years, these marks have evolved into today’s system of trademark registration and protection. The system helps consumers to identify and purchase a product or service based on whether its specific characteristics and quality – as indicated by its unique trademark – meet their needs. Buying, Selling and Transferring.UK Website Designers buy and sell keyword related domain names that do not infringe intellectual property rights and in some cases buy domains on behalf of the owners. Once a website contract has ended UK Website Designers may transfer the ownership of the domain to the client if the domain is not owned by the client at their discretion The only time it is necessary for UK Website Designers to transfer the domains to the client is when the client can prove they are the legal owner or if the website contract has ceased. If you have questions regarding ownership of domains and wish us to resolve a dispute please do not hesitate to contact us.

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